Why choose us?

We understand the dilemma that you are currently in of whether or not to place your trust on us. Allow us to show you how we can offer you the best and cheap essay writing service and essay review service.

Essential Components of Reading

After reading the article, “English Language Learners and the Five Essential Components of Reading
Instruction� choose two of the essential components and create an instructional activity that will assess
these components. The activity should be developed for an ELL with a language classification of A1/A2.
The activity should also promote their language development.


Essential Components of Reading

In establishing the two components of reading, it is imperative to first establish the ELL’s
level of language classification. In this case, the ELL with a language classification of A1/A2 are
considered and described as those at the beginner levels, an aspect that makes it easier in
developing activities that promote their language development.

Phonemic Awareness;

Phonemes are considered as the smallest units that make up spoken language. It is
essential to establish that English has 41 phonemes that are combined in the formation of words
and syllables. For instance, the word stop may be dissected into four phonemes (s-t-o-p) while
the word shop may have three phonemes (sh-o-p) (Brown, 2012). An example of an instructional
activity that will integrate the components of phonemes among the ELL with a language
classification of A1/A2 would include the use of a song that enables the learners to understand
the phonemic components through the use of repetition and rhymes.

And they never came back, back, back,
She jumped so high, high, high,
Five fifty cents, cents, cents,
With silver buttons, buttons, buttons,
All dressed in black, black, black,
Jump over the fence, fence, fence
Miss Mary Mack, Mack, Mack,
She reached the sky, sky, sky

It is important to understand that this activity will promote the ELL’s language
development through an aspect that will increase their phonemic awareness and their ability to
determine and manipulate such phonemes in spoken word (Brown, 2012). It is additionally
essential to establish that the sounds of these phonemes would help the students in making words

Vocabulary Development:

This element refers to the ELL’s knowledge of stored information on the meaning and
pronunciation of different words that are essential in communication. Vocabulary development
remains essential for the ELL’s especially when they are beginning to read since it helps them to
establish the sounds and words that make sense based on their own understanding (Brown,
2012). In developing an instructional activity, the ELL’s need engage in a lesson that entails a
sequence of events within a story. For instance, a teacher may choose the book “The Tortilla
Factory” by Gary Paulsen which details the steps entailed in making tortillas.

The teacher therefore shows the ELL a bag of tortillas and requests the learners to show their
thumbs up in responding to the questions he asks;
Who ate the tortillas?
Helped in preparing the tortillas?
Known’s the ingredients needed to make tortillas?
Can show by motions the ways of making the dough?

The teacher then prompts the learners to identify the key vocabularies used as they are
written on index cards that are placed in a pocket chart. The learners are expected to note these
words while the teacher explains the meaning of each word (Brown, 2012). The teacher then
distributes the words on an index card to different learners and while the teacher reads the words
aloud, the learners are required to hold their words up. This activity therefore improves the
learner’s language development.



Brown, R. (2012). Straddling two worlds: Self-directed comprehension instruction for middle
schoolers. In C. C. Block & M. Pressley (Eds.), Comprehension instruction: Research-
based best practices. (339). New York: Guilford Press.

All Rights Reserved, scholarpapers.com
Disclaimer: You will use the product (paper) for legal purposes only and you are not authorized to plagiarize. In addition, neither our website nor any of its affiliates and/or partners shall be liable for any unethical, inappropriate, illegal, or otherwise wrongful use of the Products and/or other written material received from the Website. This includes plagiarism, lawsuits, poor grading, expulsion, academic probation, loss of scholarships / awards / grants/ prizes / titles / positions, failure, suspension, or any other disciplinary or legal actions. Purchasers of Products from the Website are solely responsible for any and all disciplinary actions arising from the improper, unethical, and/or illegal use of such Products.