Aim:To identify and explore the human resource strategies that influence employee engagement within
organisations in Qatar and to develop recommendations on how these human resource strategies can be
changed in order to improve employee engagement.
RQ 1: Which human resource strategies influence employee engagement within organisations in Qatar?
RQ 2: How do these human resource strategies influence employee engagement within organisations in
RQ 3: How can these human resource strategies be changed in order to improve employee engagement
within organisations in Qatar?
End Product:Objective: To develop recommendations on how human resource strategies can be changed
in order to improve employee engagement within organisations in Qatar.
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To make sure that the aim and objectives of the study are achieved, it is imperative to
formulate appropriate research questions that the researcher should strive to answer by the end of
the survey through the findings obtained from the data collected from the research participants.
As a result, the central research questions formulated for this study are as follows:
- RQ1: Which human resource strategies influence employee engagement within
organizations in Qatar?
- RQ2: How do these human resource policies affect employee engagement within
organizations in Qatar?
- RQ3: How can these human resource policies get changed or modified to improve
employee engagement within organizations in Qatar?
Epistemological, Ontological and Methodological assumptions
There exist three basic assumptions that are the Epistemological, Ontological, and
Methodological. The epistemological is known to have various approaches to get the knowledge
which is conventional in convinced paradigms. For example, in the normative standard, is how
Interpretive Research 3
the researcher can research the study about the influence of human resource strategies in
employee engagements as a natural science. The propositions have to measure by the practical
ways. The results obtained have to aim all the way through the scientific techniques. However, in
the interpretive research, the epistemology helps to get the knowledge by examining the
phenomenon in different ways. It is because; the social background varies from that of natural
Additionally, the ontological is concerned a lot with the nature of humans and the world
in a social environment. There is various assumptions view the world from without as a person.
Therefore, it is said that the ontology in normative stress that the social phenomena are sovereign
from other aspects. However, from the interpretive point of view, it confirms that the world in
the social event has different meaning although we know the world is one. From this perception,
it is seen one kind of research can have different conclusions from a single observation.
Lastly, the methodological assumption pays key attentions on the analysis of the
techniques to be used for collecting data. In the normative paradigm, scientific methods, the
quantitative methodology is used to analyze the study. However, by the interpretive research, the
qualitative methodology is used for observation. For this research, the case study approach will
be used to help find the answers to the above research questions.
The case study is used to research on processes, people and even groups. Using a single
entity in Qatar is a useful approach to help understand how a human resource strategy influences
the employee engagement and by use of another company will help in comparison issues. Case
studies employ some the techniques that can be used to collect data in the qualitative
methodology. They include the observation and interviews that are the primary data and lastly
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the corporation documentations in the secondary data, (Corbin, and Strauss, 2014). The problem
that exists with this technique is that only a single case study is reviewed. It means that the data
obtain is particular to a given firm and its environmental background and therefore it cannot be
comprehensive, (Eriksson, and Kovalainen, 2015)
Once the study has been placed on the education, and the purpose of the researcher is
made apparent, the system of choosing the appropriate research design to analyze the content
entirely must be carried out. To do so, the researcher must consider sampling to be the best in the
process of investigation. Under the case of Qatar; how human resource strategies influences the
employee engagement, the researcher can use two types of sampling. That is the purposive
The purposive sampling helps the researcher to choose the sample that they know will
offer the appropriate data for the research of how the human resource strategies influence
employee engagement in Qatar. It is usually purposeful when undertaking case study research
methods where a particular focus is needed. Significantly, the method is very flexible, and it
permits choices made by the researchers to be uttered by unique situations whereas the sample is
well thought-out to be the statistical envoy of the entire population.
When analyzing data, it’s vital for the researcher to have background information on the
chosen field so as to make a lot of decisions relating to the findings and the analysis. According
to the Miles and Huberman (1994 cited in Collis and Hussely, 2013), they explain that
systematic ways to the qualitative examination which can be employed for the investigation of
the qualitative data varies across a range of the techniques used to collect data.
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Normally, the quality analyses have three parts. That is the data reduction, data display,
and lastly drawing the conclusion. That data reduction entails the condensing of the relevant
quantity data that is collected to something which is more controllable for the analysis by coding
the data. Coding entails recognizing keywords, ideas, themes and phrases and additionally, it is
influenced by the language the researcher uses.
There exist two types of qualitative data analysis. That is the content analysis and the
thematic analysis, (Vaismoradi, Turunen and Bondas, 2013). Content analysis is used to analyze
data that have been collected using the primary and secondary methods across a wider range of
different sources. In the content analysis, the process of coding is recognized that they entail
ideas, themes, phrases and words that come into view in the data. Afterward, the data is analyzed
to find out the recurrences of the sets, and they are recorded regarding numeric, (Schreier, 2012).
The numerically processed data is created from this analysis and can be examined for the number
of outcomes occurring by using statistical techniques. It could entail the utilization of the
evocative statistics and images representing the data. The method is limited by the fact that is
very time-consuming and needs very close concentration to details.
The thematic analysis is explained as the technique for recognizing, report and analysis
sequences inside the data, (Braun, Clarke, and Terry, 2014). It is broadly used in the qualitative
research because it is straight forward technique and it provides the researchers with essential
tactics for the acceptance of other ways and more complicated methods of examining the quality
Reliability and validity strategies
The qualitative reliability submits to how precise and accurate the techniques of
measurement are in a given research analysis. Mainly, it notes whether the researcher manners
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are congruent across various projects and consider if similar results would be established if the
analysis is repeated.
Over the validity issue, it focuses on the measures applied and if they in the sound of the
conclusion reached by the study. There are two types of validity strategies. The face validity and
The face validity measures whether the approach or the test employed to come into view
to be correct weight or valid of the offered focus or variable of the study. Furthermore, the
construct validity shows the demonstrations that the approach or the test is considering what it
maintains to weigh. On the different occasion, these measures are not seen such as satisfaction or
It is vital for the researcher to adhere to the moral issue. When collecting data, the
researcher should know what is right or wrong to the respondents or what is termed as morally
correct or incorrect by the society. The researcher should not force people to participate but those
are willing and able and qualify for the investigation should be used for analysis.
This interpretive research shall strive to explore how human resource strategies devised
and implemented by human resource management (HRM) professionals as well as managers of
organizations in Qatar can influence employee engagement subsequently leading to increased
employee commitment, satisfaction as well as retention in their respective groups (Sutirthaet al.,
2015). It is imperative because in many organizations such as multinationals as well as small and
medium enterprises (SMEs) have the potential to use human resource strategies in their attempts
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towards increasing employee engagement and subsequently improving productivity and
profitability of their respective organizations
Braun, V., Clarke, V. and Terry, G., 2014. Thematic analysis. Qual Res Clin Health Psychol,
Clarke, V. and Braun, V., 2013. Teaching thematic analysis: Overcoming challenges and
developing strategies for effective learning. The psychologist, 26(2), pp.120-123.
Collis, J. and Hussey, R., 2013. Business research: A practical guide for undergraduate and
postgraduate students. Palgrave macmillan.
Corbin, J. and Strauss, A., 2014. Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for
developing grounded theory. Sage publications.
Eriksson, P. and Kovalainen, A., 2015. Qualitative Methods in Business Research: A Practical
Guide to Social Research. Sage.
Grant, R.M., 2016. Contemporary strategy analysis: Text and cases edition. John Wiley & Sons.
Schreier, M., 2012. Qualitative content analysis in practice. Sage Publications.
Silverman, D. ed., 2016. Qualitative research. Sage.
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Sutirtha, C., Moddy, G., Lowry, P.B., Chakraborty, S.,& Hardin, A. (2015), “Strategic Relevance
ofOrganizational Virtues Enabled by Information Technology in Organizational
Innovation,” Journal of Management Information Systems, Vol. 32,No. 3, pp. 158-196.
Vaismoradi, M., Turunen, H. and Bondas, T., 2013. Content analysis and thematic analysis:
Implications for conducting a qualitative descriptive study. Nursing & health sciences,