Critical Social Psychology
Are emotions biological or learnt?
Do males and females experience the same emotions?
Is it possible to be over emotional?
Does culture have an influence over emotions?
How is emotion effectively regulated
What mainstream social psychology had to
Emotions are involuntary feelings
Emotions are universal across the genders; felt the same but
expressed differently (Parennhas, 2001).
People can be have excessive emotions in when induced by
diseases such as bipolar or at times alcohol abuse (Petersen et
Culture has an influence on emotion due to beliefs instilled
Emotional regulation is possible and at the same time
important; Leads to emotional intelligence (Gross, 2009).
(Critical) Inquiry 2
Revised ‘essential questions’
Does MSP naturalize emotions? It so how?
Does MSP consider the genesis of emotions?
Does MSP account for different ways emotions are
experienced across the sexes?
What is the subject’s role in emotions.
Which model does the subject use? Is it agentistic, organismic
What we can say, based alternative
theory/studies (Critical Social Psychology):
MSP naturalizes emotions by discussing the topic as a
manifestation of our conscious functions.
MSP appreciates the string implications of subjective
differences and their impact on emotions (Garside and
There have been several studies conducted with the aim of
understanding the interaction between emotion and gender so
as to separate myth from fact (Grodal, 2009).
The subject plays an active role in emotions by internalizing
the different issues that (s)he faces.
Key Ideas that have been discussed
- Emotional intelligence is trained. Biologically then trained
- Men and women have similar emotions but express it
differently. They are made differently which sets them apart in
- Yes. We can be culturally conditioned to experience and
- Is over emotional judged by society or an individual? People
can be seen as over-emotional if they behave outside of social
Emotions are part of us but we need to understand and
The society a person grows in determines his/her emotional
make-up (Brown, 2011).
Emotional problems can be a result of illness or substance
It seems that…
Emotion is affected directly by both nurture and nature.
A better understanding of emotions can be acquired through
a case by case basis because cultural, biological and health
issues have a direct bearing on one’s emotions.
Parreñas, R. S. (2001). Mothering from a distance: Emotions, gender, and intergenerational relations in
Filipino transnational families. Feminist studies,27(2), 361-390.
Garside, R. B., & Klimes-Dougan, B. (2002). Socialization of discrete negative emotions: Gender
differences and links with psychological distress. Sex Roles,47(3-4), 115-128.
Petersen, M. B., Sznycer, D., Cosmides, L., & Tooby, J. (2012). Who Deserves Help? Evolutionary
Psychology, Social Emotions, and Public Opinion about Welfare. Political psychology, 33(3), 395-418.
Gross, J. J. (Ed.). (2009). Handbook of emotion regulation. The Guilford Press.
Brown, R. (2011). Prejudice: Its social psychology. Wiley-Blackwell.
Kotchemidova, C. (2010). Emotion Culture and Cognitive Constructions of Reality. Communication
Quarterly, 58(2), 207-234.
Grodal, T. K. (2009). Embodied visions: Evolution, emotion, culture, and film. Oxford University Press.