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GCC states, organizations

Discuss the key arguments and findings, describing how you think they apply to your topic and specific
research questions, plus the potential implications of these findings for your research.


GCC is considered as the leading oil producers, an element that has seen the GCC states
reluctance in determining appropriate ways of addressing some of the challenges such as climatic
changes that inhibit the oil industry. However, it is significant to ascertain that the ever growing
consumption of oil products and the changing technologies and infrastructures are driving the
need for developing more energy products directed towards meeting the industrial and domestic
energy needs.
Aim of Study:
The aim of the proposed research study is to establish the manner in which climate changes the
energy policies of the members of the GCC. The study will also be aimed at exploring the impact
as well as significance of oil price drops on the Gulf Cooperation Council Arab states.
Research Objectives

  1. Determine the challenges that member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council come
    across or face whenever the prices of oil and gas drop.
  2. Establish appropriate measures that GCC states, organizations, states and individuals can
    employ in addressing this challenge.
  3. The research study will also look into the future endeavours and ventures of the GCC
    countries in creating a sustainable energy system.
    Research Questions

MBA W3 Proposal Ass: 2
In consideration of the above detailed purpose, it is essential to detail that this study will
be detailed to determine the significance and impact of oil price drops on GCC countries,
governments, companies, and individuals in consideration of the following research question:

  1. How essential are sustainable energy resources for the oil-rich GCC states that are
    affected when the prices of oil are lowered?
  2. What are the challenges that GCC states, companies, governments and individuals face
    when the prices of oil decline?
  3. What are some of the viable solutions into this crisis?
  4. How can these solutions be implemented within the GCC states, organizations, and

Literature Review

According to Morakabati, (2013), the falling of oil prices over the last 12 months is an
indicator that the crude oil industry is likely to sink, a factor that is giving the GCC states,
individuals, governments and companies an uphill task to ensure their fiscal positions are
preserved (pp. 375). The decline in oil prices have also imposed a decline on the revenues of
different governments that depend on oil as the backbone of their economies, thus slowing down
the economic growth and viability of these economies. Ulrichsen (2012) alleges that the fiscal
challenges that arise as a result of this issue vary from state to state with Saudi Arabia considered
as the key player in GCC facing the largest fiscal challenge. The primary argument of these
authors is directed towards finding a solution towards this challenge (pp.39). The authors of this
material therefore purport that the GCC states need to liquidate close to $70billion of foreign
reserves including an effort to embark on developing a local debt insurance initiative in
addressing this challenge (Arouri, & Rault, pp.243). This material significantly relates to my
topic by certainly determining the solution to the research question. The implications of this
finding remain significant in detailing efficient approaches that would be employed by GCC
states, governments, individuals and organizations in addressing the challenges that rise as a
result of the depleting oil prices.
On the other hand, Scherer (2013) addresses the primary research question of this study
by establishing a hypothesized result to the question. These authors purport that GCC states,
companies, governments and individuals need to initiative efficient intentions directed towards
reducing their wide dependency on oil for economic growth. Several GCC states need to resort to
liberalization approaches of their financial sectors as one of the fundamental policies that would
signal the need to initiate new business ventures through the use of different overseas capital
within such economies (pp.42). This would require the initiation of reformative actions that
would also ensure comprehensive energy pricing structures are neutrally initiated.
Louis, & Balli (2014) in his material points out to the need for GCC states, organizations,
and individuals is supported by the thesis that the trade figures and the financing systems of
states has surged the manner in which consumer spend on different products and the business
investments made on different economies. However, economist alleges that there is hope since
the lower oil prices will be sustained by the decline in rising crude oil prices (pp.26). The author
states that the raising export revenues and the budget revenues result from the increases in oil
However, the GCC states, companies, and individuals need to scale up the process of
diversification. This requires a heavy spending on fuel for private consumption and the

MBA W3 Proposal Ass: 3
construction industry (Hakro, & Omezzine, 2016, pp.15). On the other hand, states need to
integrate the energy sector by raising the productivity within the tourism, construction, real
estate, mining, transport, and retail sector with the aim of diversifying the economies of these
states in order to depend on several sources of revenue rather than oil. This material remains
essential in supporting this thesis since its implications clearly provides a solution into this crisis.
As detailed by these authors, it is essential to indicate that the sharp decline in oil prices
indicates the significance of economic diversification in addressing the decline in oil prices that
affects different economies, organizations and individuals. As a result of this, it is advisable that
GCC states, organizations, individuals and governments need to promote non-oil trade with the
aim of supporting a sustainable economic growth (Jaffe, & Elass, 2015, pp, 129). This is
attributed to the fact that this implication of this research is directed towards the initiation of a
more resilient economy that fundamentally receives immense benefits from a strong
macroeconomic growth that result from solid financial duffers, diversification and the integration
of these economies with world trade. This requires the development of service and
manufacturing industries within these economies, an element that will result in the development
of a less dependent oil economy.


As detailed in this literature review, it is imperative to ascertain that the falling oil prices
has resulted into economic challenges for several economies within the GCC framework, an
element that has given these states, individuals, companies and governments a task of addressing
this challenge. However, the research indicates the need for economic diversification as the
primary key directed towards addressing the decline in oil prices that has negatively impacted
several GCC economies, individuals, governments and states.


Arouri, M. H., & Rault, C. 2012. ‘Oil Prices and Stock Markets in GCC Countries: Empirical
Evidence From Panel Analysis. International Journal of Finance & Economics, 17(3),
242-253. doi:10.1002/ijfe.443
Hakro, A, & Omezzine, A 2016, ‘Oil Prices And Macroeconomic Dynamics Of The Oman
Economy’, Journal Of Developing Areas, 50, 1, pp. 1-27, Business Source Complete,
EBSCOhost, viewed 13 June 2016.
Jaffe, A, & Elass, J 2015, ‘War And The Oil Price Cycle’, Journal Of International Affairs, 69, 1,
pp. 121-137, Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 13 June 2016.

MBA W3 Proposal Ass: 4
Louis, R, & Balli, F 2014, ‘Oil Price and Stock Market Synchronization in Gulf Cooperation
Council Countries’, Emerging Markets Finance & Trade, 50, 1, pp. 22-51, Business
Source Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 13 June 2016.
Morakabati, Y 2013, ‘Tourism in the Middle East: Conflicts, Crises and Economic
Diversification, Some Critical Issues’, International Journal Of Tourism Research, 15, 4,
pp. 375-387, Hospitality & Tourism Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 13 June 2016.
Scherer, B 2013, ‘Macroeconomic Risk Management For Oil Stabilization Funds In Gcc
Countries’, Bankers, Markets & Investors, 109, pp. 36-45, Business Source Complete,
EBSCOhost, viewed 13 June 2016.
Ulrichsen, KC 2012, ‘Internal and External Security in the Arab Gulf States’, Middle East Policy,
16, 2, pp. 39-58, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 13 June 2016.

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