Why choose us?

We understand the dilemma that you are currently in of whether or not to place your trust on us. Allow us to show you how we can offer you the best and cheap essay writing service and essay review service.

Culture and HR policy

Culture and HR policy

We may not always recognise the influence of culture because, ironically, we are so immersed in it. It
is often only by stepping outside of one�s own culture that it becomes possible to see its influence
on people�s behaviour, values and expectations. Global organisations create situations whereby the
culture of each country in which the company operates influences leadership and business practices,
leading to differences from divisions in other countries and from the headquarters.

What are the implications of these differences for HR policy? In this essay, continue considering the
cultural differences amongst countries that may have a bearing on HR policy.

�Read the required files which sent by email.

o Synthesising the general lessons about the influence of local culture on HR policy in global


o Providing an alternative perspective on the ways in which HR leaders can use policy to be

responsive to local cultural differences in multinational organisations

o Discussing ways your experiences are similar or different with regard to the impact of culture on HR


o Asking probing questions to learn more about your classmates� views, such as their experiences

with specific HR policies in different cultural contexts

DHRP COLL W7: Influence of culture

Human Resource professionals in multinational corporations (MNC) and globalized
organizations should be clued-up of how local culture could impact on the development as
well as execution of human resources practices and policies. Global firms create situations in
which the culture of every nation where the firm is operating in influences business and
leadership practices, resulting in differences from divisions in other nations and from the
head-offices. This paper provides a detailed discussion of the implications of these
differences for human resource policy.

In today’s world, hundreds of business organizations operate globally. Morgan
Stanley, Exxon Mobil, General Electric, Apple, BP and virtually each one of the leading
global brands have worldwide operations. For these MNCs to be effective, they need to take
into consideration the local practices, their local impact on the nations in which they operate,
and even the existing cultural boundaries (Perlmutter 2001). The task of ensuring cultural

efficacy and compatibility in most cases falls on the organization’s HR manager, particularly
focusing on retention-oriented compensation and structural training and development.
Hofstede Theory of Cultural Dimensions is an essential measure of cultural distinctions
utilized by many organizations when deciding to assume these global endeavours. This
theory helps in the smooth transition into overseas countries. When this theory is employed,
policy creators and HR managers can identify the most appropriate training approaches for
the base-country and local-country employees (Thite, Wilkinson & Shah 2012).

Whenever MNCs penetrate unfamiliar and unknown operating environments, with
largely really distinct practices compared to the organization’s host country, there is an
unavoidable conflict with culture, operating practices of local workers, and corporate social
responsibility. Human resources managers are capable of mitigating these differences and the
ensuing conflicting behaviours with enhanced intercultural communication skills and
understanding (Aycan et al. 2000).

Human resource managers often face the challenge of balancing societal and
corporate cultures whilst promoting diversity. While some cultures for instance a command-
and-control style of management could be modified to fit with the local cultures, others, for
instance human rights practices and integrity, cannot be compromised (Aycan 2005). Human
Resource professionals should understand and manage the complexities, choosing the
elements of corporate culture that could change, as well as the ones that are crucial to
protecting the ethics and values of company. The firm cannot alter policies that relate to anti-
bribery, but it can decide to alter its dress-down- Friday’s rule. In addition, the company’s
senior executives might decide to impose cultural aspects, for instance consistently giving
back to the community across the multinational corporation. The challenge becomes even
harder when dealing with employees who are new, temporary and remote workers, as well as

workers who are engaged through means like crowd sourcing. Furthermore, the human
resources department should come up with programs for assisting managers to adapt
whenever they move from the headquarters to regions with dissimilar cultural and societal
norms (Sparrow 2012).

In an effort to try and solve the conflict between the local/host-country culture and the
influence of home-country culture on the multinational corporation’s corporate culture, it is
important to set up training seminars for the company’s managers in the host country. For
example, in 1988, the American multinational General Electric (GE) acquired the French
company Companie General de Radiologie (CGR). The move for General Electric marked a
vital step in gaining market share in Europe in the medical equipment sector. To try and
resolve the conflict between the culture of the French and the influence of United States
culture on the corporate culture of General Electric, GE held training round tables for their
managers in Europe, including its managers in France. The seminars helped in establishing
values, direction, and goals for firms which is particularly significant following acquisitions
like the acquisition of CGR. Business organizations usually fail to properly define what they
are exactly expecting from people. Even so, when the HR department provides training
sessions as General Electric did, a significant amount of time is spent in clarifying
expectations (Tarique & Schuler 2010).

Management style improvement interventions are significant interventions that
business organizations could make as a way of resolving discrepancies with cultures of high-
power distance. An important effort in trying to bridge the culture gaps is to hold seminars
that encourage leaders and managers to proactively support the new corporate culture and
organizational structure. Helping employees and managers to understand the way the
structure of the firm actually work together is helpful in assimilating new staff members into

the firm during acquisition (Aycan 2005). Although they are just slightly effective in
attaining true organizational compatibility between the MNC and the acquired firm, these
training seminars serve as an important example of the way that HR initiatives help to close
cultural gaps for increased organizational efficiency. Through effective training and
development programs, General Electric was able to solve the cultural issues with the French
company CGR. The training and development programs could be as intricate as exploring
complex, deeper organizational foundations and rituals, to as straightforward as iterating the
dissimilarities between cultures and the way they interact (Sparrow 2012).


In conclusion, many business organizations operate worldwide these days. Human
Resource professionals should understand and effectively manage the complexities, choosing
the elements of corporate culture that could change, as well as the ones that are vital to
protecting the ethics and values of the firm. A major effort in closing the culture gaps is to
hold seminars that encourage company leaders and managers to proactively support the new
corporate culture and organizational structure.



Aycan, Z., Kanungo, RN., Mendonca, M., Yu, K., Deller, J., Stahl, G., & Kurshid, A 2000,
Impact of culture on human resource management practices: A 10-country
comparison. International Association for Applied Psychology, 34(4): 1-30
Aycan, Z 2005, The interplay between cultural and institutional/structural contingencies in
human resource management practices. International Journal of Human Resource
Management, 16(7): 1083-1119
Perlmutter, HV 2001, The tortuous evolution of the multinational corporation. Wharton
Quarterly, 3(3):4-16
Sparrow, P 2012, Globalising the international mobility function: the role of emerging
markets, flexibility and strategic delivery models. The International Journal of Human
Resource Management, 23(12): 2404–2427

Tarique, I., & Schuler, RS 2010, Global talent management: Literature review, integrative
framework, and suggestions for further research. Journal of World Business 45(6):
Thite, M., Wilkinson., & Shah, D 2012, Internationalization and HRM strategies across
subsidiaries in multinational corporations from emerging economies—A conceptual
framework. Journal of World Business, 47(12): 251-258

All Rights Reserved, scholarpapers.com
Disclaimer: You will use the product (paper) for legal purposes only and you are not authorized to plagiarize. In addition, neither our website nor any of its affiliates and/or partners shall be liable for any unethical, inappropriate, illegal, or otherwise wrongful use of the Products and/or other written material received from the Website. This includes plagiarism, lawsuits, poor grading, expulsion, academic probation, loss of scholarships / awards / grants/ prizes / titles / positions, failure, suspension, or any other disciplinary or legal actions. Purchasers of Products from the Website are solely responsible for any and all disciplinary actions arising from the improper, unethical, and/or illegal use of such Products.